The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991 and was the largest country in the world. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, in practice its government and economy were highly centralized.It was a one-party state governed by the Communist Party, with Moscow as its.
Post-Soviet Period. Although Nazarbayev is widely credited with peaceful preservation of the delicate inter-ethnic balance in Kazakhstan, hundreds of thousands of Russians left Kazakhstan in the 1990s due the perceived lack of economic opportunities.
In May 2014 Kazakhstan joined the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), an alliance that many in the West have suspected to be at the centre of Russia’s efforts to re-establish its hegemony in the former Soviet Union. Kazakhstan’s membership in the EEU has generated much internal debate among politicians, experts, and the general public about the country’s imperial past and post-imperial future.
Kazakhstan was the last of the Soviet republics to declare independence during the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Nursultan Nazarbayev, the first president of Kazakhstan, was characterised as an authoritarian, and his government was accused of numerous human rights violations, including suppression of dissent and censorship of the media.
Through the case study of Soviet and post-Soviet Almaty (the former capital of Kazakhstan), this article considers how the idea of rational planning was bolstered in the Soviet era by a belief in.
Post-Soviet restructuring. The 18th Congress of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan held on 7 September 1991 took a decision to rename the Communist Party as the Socialist Party and split from CPSU. Nursultan Nazarbayev, the party chairman, resigned when he became the first President of Kazakhstan in 1991. Dissatisfied members of the old Communist Party recreated the Communist Party of.
Film and Identity in Kazakhstan advances our understanding of Kazakhstan and nationalism by demonstrating the multiple and inessential character of each, and illustrates the important role of cinema in contesting political power in the post-Soviet space.
An index of articles related to the former nation known as the Soviet Union.It covers the Soviet revolutionary period until the dissolution of the Soviet Union.This list includes topics, events, persons and other items of national significance within the Soviet Union.